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The weight in the back of your pickup can add up quickly. A few heavy-duty tools, pieces of equipment and various other parts and supplies can easily hit a couple hundred pounds, and most truck owners can fit a lot more than that in their truck beds. If you spend a lot of time with stuff in the back of your truck, figure out how much you can haul safely.
In the first part of this two-part series, Quarantine Restraints reviews the general terminologies associated with truck bed weight and load limits. The terms GVWR, weight-load limits and payload capacities are useful to know. In the second part of this series, we will go over the different types of truck bed trims and tie-down anchors available, and how to determine which kind is best for you.
With a Quarantine cargo net, you can be sure that whatever you’re hauling is safely secured in the back of your pickup. All of our products meet or exceed safety standards and are compliant with DOT regulations. Quarantine cargo nets are a totally versatile restraint system, with exclusive, extendable Flow-Strap (FS) tie-downs for tons of options, plus heavy-duty quick-connect carabiners at each end for easy attachment
The Weight Load Limit of a Half-Ton Pickup
The weight load limit of a truck is a loose description of its payload capacity, not the weight of the truck. A ton is equal to 2,000 pounds, so it follows that a half-ton pickup can safely haul 1,000 pounds. However, looking at the specs for most modern half-ton trucks, you may notice that their payload capacity often exceeds 1,000 pounds. Since about the 1960s, most models of half-ton trucks have been able to carry a heavier load than advertised. Remember, though, that legislation in North America requires that your load be properly restrained at all times.
What Is a Truck’s Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)?
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is the maximum, safe allowable weight for a fully loaded pickup as established by the manufacturer. A GVWR is measured as the weight of the truck plus its maximum cargo, including passengers. Manufacturers establish GVWRs based on considerations of specific criteria including the capacity of the axles, wheel and tire combinations, frame strengths, and the components within the suspension systems. Usually given on the vehicle’s doorjamb sticker and in the owner’s manual, GVWRs change considerably across a brand’s lineup. For example, trucks with a long bed, standard 4×2 pickups with a regular bed, and V-6 or V-8 4×4 powered pickups will all have a very different GVWRs.
What Is a Pickup’s Payload Capacity?
A vehicle’s payload capacity is the GVWR minus the weight of the vehicle. A popular misconception of many first-time truck buyers is that payload refers only to the weight of the cargo a pickup can safely carry in its bed. However, a truck’s payload capacity actually includes the weight of all its occupants and anything else carried by the truck including gas tank, the load it carries in the bed, as well the tongue-weight of a trailer, if towing.
To calculate your pickup’s payload capacity, subtract the weight of your truck from its GVWR. For example, if the manufacturer’s GVWR is 7,000 pounds, and your pickup weighs in at 5,500 pounds with a full tank of gas and no occupants or cargo, the maximum payload capacity your pickup can safely support is 1,500 pounds.
*In the above example, 1,500 pounds is how much cargo your pickup can safely haul. Remember, this includes anything you safely secure in the bed and carry in the cab, including your passengers!
Quarantine Truck Cargo Nets
There are a few more elements to safe hauling than simply knowing what the proper payload capacity of your truck is. Next week we will take a look at how to ensure your truck bed is optimized for carrying cargo, and the different types of truck bed anchor points for attaching ropes and cargo nets.
The government, military, utility companies, oil and gas industry, as well as the survey and seismic sectors, all use Quarantine’s interior and exterior cargo nets as part of the standard workplace safety plans. At Quarantine Restraints, we set the standard for cargo securement. Please see our Testimonials Page to hear from some of our clients, and use our convenient Dealer Locator to find nearest Quarantine cargo nets retailer near you.